What the Future Holds for Engineering in India?

Future scope of engineering in India

Engineering is a branch of science that was omnipresent in the world even before the existence of a society. The presence of tools and artifacts in the very first civilization of India to the use of metro and bullet trains in this twenty – first century, everything is a fierce manifestation of Engineering skills. Albeit, the development of engineering as a branch of science, as an opportunity to develop a career in it, has evolved over a period of time. One of the most significant breakthroughs in the field of technological advancements and the recognition of engineering as an important background, is marked by the levels of industrial revolutions.

Contemporarily, with the advancements and progress in the technology, the core areas of engineering are also expanding. As of now, some of the important arenas related to engineering were marked as electrical engineering, technical engineering and so on. But the advent of the age of rational thinking and critical analysis has led to the emergence of various new forms of sectors within engineering. The scope of engineering in India or worldwide has enlarged significantly.

Role of the Courses and Universities

India has multiple colleges, universities and institutes that play an important role in giving opportunities to a bunch of students to pursue their career in the engineering field. Apart from the career opportunities, multiple theoretical and practical training are also offered by these institutes. Most importantly, the availability of internships and placement offers in the prominent institutes play a major role in attracting students towards this field. 

India has managed to disseminate a lot of information and details about the multiple courses which are available for choosing engineering as an option. Various branches such as mechanical engineering, computer engineering, electronics, etc. are offered by several institutes. Students can gain admission in the prominent institutes of engineering through entrance examinations like JEE Main and JEE Advanced. These examinations offer admission in National Institute of Technology and Indian Institute of Technology respectively. 

Let us look at some other important institutes in India which offer admission to the students who are aspiring for pursuing a career in engineering.

Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

Indian Institute of Technology, BHU, Varanasi

National Institute of Technology, Trichy

Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee

Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad

Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati

These aforementioned institutes offer various technical courses in engineering such as

Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering

Biomedical Engineering

Mining Engineering

Data Analytics

Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering

Metallurgical Engineering

Petroleum Engineering

Electronics and communication Engineering

Food Technology

Computer Science Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Aerospace Engineering

Automobile Engineering

Civil Engineering

Aeronautical Engineering

Marine Engineering

Production Engineering

Apart from these core courses, there are also multiple emerging advanced courses which are recognized nationally and internationally in the field of engineering. These courses are referred to as upgraded ones which are a result of new inventions and innovations. Therefore, they are capable enough of granting prosperous and wealthiest career opportunities to the aspirants. So, let us look at some of these advanced courses in engineering.

B. Tech. in Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is a form of emerging technology which involves the use of highly minute particles such as carbon nanotubes. These nanoparticles are utilized in multiple sectors including that of medical, robotics, agricultural sector and so many other fields are liable to its use for faster and better developments.

It has many career options for the students learning and developing the skills in relation to nanotechnology and its material shaping and processing. Some of the career options are listed below.

  • Manufacturing Engineering
  • Material engineers
  • Material Design Engineer
  • Process Engineer
  • Research Scientist

The average pay of the nano – technology engineering technologist is approx. INR 629, 154 per annum.

B. Tech. in Smart Manufacturing

The progressing world has initiated the demand to be depended upon the Internet of Things. The concepts of comprehensive digital protection at the borders, use of nano – sensors, concurrent engineering, 3 – D printing, rapid prototyping, etc. are developing very quickly and therefore demand employment subsequently.

Students who pursue this course in smart manufacturing and the internet of things have a great chance of succeeding in their career by learning various technical and analytical skills.

Some of the career options are as follows: 

  • Robotic Systems design
  • Industrial Automation engineer
  • Automotive embedded engineer
  • Computer hardware engineer
  • Electronic component manufacturing

The average pay of the IoT engineering technologist is approx. INR 4 lakhs per annum.

B. Tech. in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Engineering

The concern of the world over rising global warming and the compliance with the international treaties over environment protection has encouraged India to look forward towards the concepts like green economy and blue economy. These steps are emphasized for gaining the sustainable development of all in the country. Therefore, there is an emerging need for producing and manufacturing the technology and the appliances for less energy consumption.

In this field, the students learn to move forward with adequate compliance with nature. Therefore, in the coming times, the demand for engineers in this arena might increase gradually. Production of electric vehicles, solar panels, etc. are some of the examples of engineering skills through sustainable development goals.

A few career options in the field of engineering are: 

  • Transportation engineering
  • Manufacturing engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Power Engineering
  • Energy Auditors

The average pay of the engineers in this field varies from INR 1. 8 lakhs per annum to that of 43. 6 lakhs per annum.

B. Tech. in Smart Mobility Design

The world is witnessing the growing demand in the mobility sector. The ease in transportation has become a bubble for the people. Covering long distances in a few hours, crossing multiple time zones, attending more than one business meeting in just one day has become a day – to day task of the people in India.

Therefore, there is a huge requirement for advancement in the mobility sectors of India, thus demanding a huge rate of employment of the skilled workforce.

Some Career Opportunities that students can opt for are listed below:

  • Industrial Automation Engineer
  • Production Engineer
  • Automation Engineer
  • Research Scientist
  • Railway Engineers

The average pay of the engineers in this field varies from INR 8,19,516 lakhs per annum to that of 12,57,660 lakhs per annum.

All the above – mentioned courses in engineering offer a wide range of career opportunities, that too, in various departments such as, health, finance, science, technology, agriculture, poultry, service sector and so on. Once a candidate opts for education in these fields of engineering, the courses involved guarantees the well – being of the students both physically and cognitively through technical learnings and the practical understandings. Hence, engineering has become much advanced with several new emerging offers.

Must Read: Top 10 Must-Read Engineering Blogs for University Students

CEO & Editor
I'm Ved Prakash, Founder & Editor @Newsblare Media, specialised in Business and Finance niches who writes content for reputed publication such as,, Motley Fool Singapore, etc. I'm the contributor of different... news sites that have widened my views on the current happenings in the world.

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