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The most expensive fabric of ancient times that no one knows how to make!

Dhaka Muslin Fabric history

Approximately 200 years, muslin was the most precious cloth on earth! The fabric was found in Dhaka and is one of the most expensive fabrics in the world.

This precious cloth name “Muslin” found in 18th century in Dhaka near the bank of the Meghna River.

It is said that Muslin was one of the most precious fabrics on earth and the clothes designed from this fabrics were most expensive clothes of the ancient times.

Muslin fabrics were used to designed the clothes for Mughal emperors and their royal members. It is an estimated that the fabric were sold at the cost of 50 pounds to 400 pounds at that time.

How is a muslin cloth made?

In a 16-step process, muslin cloth was made with rare cotton, which grew only along the banks of the Meghna River.

Muslin clothes were the treasure of the century – because the cloth is considered highly worthy and used to designed the statue of the gods and goddesses in ancient Greece times.

The high-end muslin cloth was actually woven air because it was very soft like air.

Even clothes can pass through a ring.

It is said that a 60 feet of fabric can fit in a pocket snuff box easily and the clothes designed from this fabric was more transparent.

Uses of the Muslin clothes

The cloth was used to make sarees and gowns for women and jams for mens.

Even the clothes are so transparent that if a woman wears something made of it, then the body parts of the woman will be directly visible.

This type of dress was worn by a woman of Persians in the 18th century.

In ancient times one of the tailors helps to achieve his latest fashion, even the tailors assures theirs customer.

Also, the tailor removes the dresses one by one as if to first ask him to remove the petticoat, then the pocket, then the sleeve.

In the end, he said that to be ready for fashion, you have to be the only and only unsafe.

Muslin was one of the most expensive clothes in the world

The well-draped muslin was one of the most expensive clothes of the time.

It is not easy to afford.

Her devoted admirers such as the French Queen, Marie Antoinette, French Josephine Bonaparte, and Jane Austen.

It was one of the stunning clothes of the time.

Unfortunately, In the 20th century, Dhaka muslin got disappeared from everywhere.

Now it can only be seen in private collections and museums.

The complicated fabric-making technique was forgotten.

A volatile fiber

Dhaka muslin fiber started from plants growing on the bank of the Meghna River.

Each spring, like leaves, their maple is pushed up through the gray, silty soil and makes this journey wavering.

Once they grow well, they produce a single daffodil-ole flower twice a year.

They gave way to icy flowers of cotton fiber.

These fibers were not ordinary fibers.

Central American cousin Gossypium hirsutum which today makes up 90% of the world’s cotton.

The well-disappeared bushy small fibers were useless to make cheap cotton cloth using industrial machinery.

Well, the whole process consists of 16 stages and it was very special that it was taken to different parts in Dhaka.

How Muslin clothes were designed?

There are 16 steps are required to fabricate the fabric:

First step – the cotton balls was cleaned with tiny spine like teeth on the jawbone of the boal catfish. The Next process is spinning – the fibres needs high level of humidity to stretch the threads.

These step were performed on boats by skilled group of peoples in early morning and late afternoon.

Well, it couldn’t believed that the fibres made by human hands.

Even there are some rumours too like – it made by mermaids, fairies, and made by ghosts!

Some believed that it was made under water because the clothes like these can never be made.

Well, the same weaving process continues in the area these days. But they are using lower muslin quality from ordinary cotton.

In 2013, the art of Jamdani was protected by UNESCO.

It was one of the form of cultural heritage

Higher threads will better to make better threads.

Dhaka muslin counts range was 800 – 1200, an order of magnitude above any other cotton  fabric which exist today.

But, it has disappeared now.

Dhaka muslin was sold across the world, even it was so popular with the ancient Greeks  and Romans and muslim from India.

The muslin was traded extensively with merchants from Persia, Iraq, Turkey middle east.

The cloth was thoroughly endorsed by Mughal Emperors and their wives.

Even they directly employ them by banning from selling to others.

Transparency of muslin was a problem

The transparency of muslin was a problem when Emperor Aurangzeb scolded his daughter for appearing in a public in naked state.

The Dhaka muslin was exhibited in the UK exhibition in 1851.

Fabric that costs time – 50 pounds to 400 pounds.

And today’s estimated price is £ 7000 – 56000 pounds.

It is 26 times more expensive than silk.

Even the East India Company started their production in the 18th century and they pressurized the weavers to produce at low prices.

By the way, there is no option to make it cheaper. The entire system collapsed creating muslin fibers of aws.

Well in the 18th century it was a family business for families but now it is forgotten completely. Even the plants stopped growing now at the Meghna River. There are no footcaps today.

In 2015, some Muslims tried to grow a cotton plant in the middle east of the gang in Ghazipur city. He tested the rows of Plutti Karpa some seeds among the dry earth.

Even his team harvested their first batch of cotton in the same year. They attempt to combine the temporary footy Karapas Kototan into a hybrid seed.

After this there are still weavers in Bangla Des. Islam hopes to simply upgrade its skills to produce high quality Muslins. Even in 2021, the team has made several sarees with its hybrid muslin. And they have sold worldwide for thousands of pounds.

The future of muslin clothes is bright.

Even his team is continuously working on the project. They are even growing phuti karapas on the nearby river banks. And they strongly believe that they will definitely make pure muslin Dhaka. Even they have a source of Lots of the textile industry and the finest textiles ever existed.

By the way, who knows that the new generation will be wearing this ancient cloth. Would you? Leave you answer in the comment section below.

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Editorial Director
I'm Shruti Mishra, Editorial Director @Newsblare Media, growing up in the bustling city of New Delhi, I was always fascinated by the power of words. This love for words and storytelling led me to pursue a career in journalism. In this position, I oversee the editorial team and plan out content strategies for our digital news platform. I am constantly seeking new ways to engage readers with thought-provoking and impactful stories.


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