Facts & Comment

India’s male preference and the economic emergence

India’s constant male preference remains unmasked

India’s constant male preference remains unmasked despite an improved gender ratio. Furthermore, the economic emergence has failed to weaken patriarchal attitudes. 

A 2011 census count reported the gender recovered from 940 females for 1,000 males compared to 2001. 

Nevertheless, male preference in Indian families is no secret, despite the official estimate from the fifth National Family Health Survey. 

The survey drawn last year showed 1,020 females per 1,000 males. 

India’s growing male preference

Pew conducted last week’s survey of gender-role perceptions among 30,000 Indians. 

40% of Indians said it is ‘somewhat’ or ‘completely’ acceptable to “get a checkup using modern methods to balance the number of girls and boys in the family.”

While gender selection through ultrasound devices is illegal, many Indians admit to using this method of societal sanction. 

Furthermore, while 90% of Indians said it is essential to have at least one daughter in the house, 94% agreed on the same for a son. 

Are gender roles detached from the Indian economy?

Various historians and feminists have discovered structural links among societies between female suppression and patrilineal succession. 

Furthermore, 64% of Pew’s local respondents believe both sons and daughters should equally inherit from parents. 

Additionally, while 2% believe daughters should be assigned the primary responsibility of a caregiver, 40% thought it should be sons. 


Despite campaigns like “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao,” India’s male preference remains prevalent. 

A 15-year-old report by the International Center for Research on Women said that getting rich failed to achieve equity. 

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Johannah is a passionate traveler. She is seeking remote places across India and exploring the benefits of being a Nomad. She has completed her bachelor's in Psychology Hons and diploma in Graphology. Being able to write helps her to share her experiences and be independent to travel anywhere.

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